Tuesday, March 19, 2019
Characteristics and Types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) :: ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
The Characteristics and Types of Attention shortfall Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Missing Works CitedAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and saloon (CDC), about one-half of 1.6 million elementary school-aged children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity upset (ADHD) have also been diagnosed with a learning disability (LD) (Brown University Child and Adolescence appearance Letter, 2001). The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (1997) stated that ADHD affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, and boys ar three times more likely to be affected by the disorder than girls. The cause of ADHD is unknown, and the disorder and its symptoms are chronic and pervasive (www.asha.org). In the Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic and statistical Manual ADHD is categorized into three subtypes which are ADHD preponderantly Inattention Type, ADHD Predominantly Hyperactivity-Impulsive Type, and ADHD Combined Type.The criteria for the ADHD predominantly inattention type inclu de at least six of the adjacentMakes careless mistakes in schoolwork, much has fuss sustaining attention in tasks or play activities, lots does not seem to listen when spoke to directly, often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities, often avoids, dislikes, or engages in tasks that require sustained rational effort, is often easily distracted by external stimuli, and is often light in daily activities.The criteria for ADHD predominantly hyperactivity-impulsive type includes a borderline of six or more of the followingOften fidgets with hands or feet and squirms in seat, often leaves seat in classroom, often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate, often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly, is often on the go, often dialogue excessively, often blurts out answers before the question have been completed, often has difficulty awaiti ng turn,and often interrupts others.The ADHD combined type demonstrates characterisitics from both subtypes (Camarata & Gibson, 1999).Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity have their effect on speech and language. McGee, Share, Moffitt, Williams, and Silva (1998) research suggested that the social movement of a troubled behavioral disorder is the most common long-term association with yarn difficulties (Pisecco, Baker, Silva, & Brooke, 2001). The research examined by Ricco and Jemison (1998) stated that children with both narration disabilities and ADHD whitethorn have phonological processing deficits and linguistic deficiencies that are predictive of instruction disabilities (Maynard, Tyler, & Arnold, 1999). The same study (1998) by Ricco and Jemison concluded that acquisition and the development of reading skills are affected by language and verbal abilities rather than the presence of an attention deficit.