Monday, June 3, 2019
Conflict Theory and Terrorism
affair possibleness and TerrorismPUBLIC POLICY TOWARDS TERRORISMBasic Principles of Conflict TheoryConflict theory is the principal alternative to functionalism. The Conflict Theorists sh ared numerous significant assumptions to view the world with contrary angles. Conflicts theorists perceive and arena in which caboodle seeks influence, where functionalists glimpse interdependence and consensus. According to conflict theorists the control of conflict generally means the ability of one group suppressing the opponent group temporarily. The functionalists believe that societies impart progress through the social mechanisms to deal with the social conflict. Conflict theorists observe civil law is a technique of defining and holding a contingent social order than benefits some at the expense of others. While Functionalists see civil law as a way of increasing social order. Conflict theorists emphasize on the shifting power between competing groups. Where as Functionalists focus o n interdependence and equilibrium. It can be sub divided into Marxism and Neo-Marxism. Social scientists are believed to have moral duty to critique society. It cannot be objective of refusal to separate analyst from the judgment or fact, and also believes in that society can be constructed in much(prenominal) a manner where there is no chance of conflicts and Weberian Conflict Theory. Conflict cannot be separated from the social life, rejects the objection of the ideas of social science, with the bearing to establish a scientific social science. According to Marxism an entirely contemporary theory ruins as many sociologists work and it is an integrated perspective.According to Neo-Marxism, where as economic sub structure is concerned the culture and ideology are its reflection. And contemporary Sociologists views the importance of superstructure is in its own right. The cultural factors play their own role in maintaining inequalities among class as per the eyes of European Neo-M arxists.C. Wright Mills, sociologist had combined a conflict perception with a tough critique of the social order. According to him there is curse in future, believe that that there is immorality in policy-making and economic systems of U.S., in consideration of political parties are manipulative and craziness, they put their services themselves and art it as free research value. For him the major issue is the relationship between bureaucracy, isolation and the centralization of power more in a power elite. immediately a days media plays a significant role by communication about terrorism and focusing on how to react, how public should take that and how to fix terrorism, overpoweringly the fact that terrorism is not a new thing while it has been around for years and more highly, ignoring the enormous amount of study and publications starting the different theories of terrorism.As per the terrorist act is concerned, terrorism is nothing merely it is a sort of frustration which m ay create in the mind of persons due to misguidance, illiteracy or unrealistic and the conflict is antagonistic behavior resulting from individual frustration, aggression or pugnacity. Subsequently they spend violence, they also believe that unless we do this violence we will overlook an existent power struggle, therefore it now regarded that terrorism is a tool of the weak. First they do not have the resources such as money, people and political power to wage an actual war. Second, terrorist used hostility as a means, not a goal, while the main goal is to agitate, expose and emphasize the weaknesses and softness of the government and civil machinery to achieve their direct political objectives. Some of the most highly regarded terrorist profiles are Timothy McVeigh, Theodore Kaczynski, Osama bin Laden.Terrorist ActivitiesIn the present scenario the number of states acquire affected by terrorism is increasing day by day. Terrorist activities became an integral part of guerrilla warfare, the kind of political violence which are facing is comparatively a new one. This is considered as a significant and distinct mode of armed conflict.It is only an aggrieved group has sufficient means to maintain violence on its own without bear from other states. Few states provide moral support to such group which might sound tiny way from being neutral, but valuable moral support from states that promote the political objective. The acts done by the aggrieved groups can be classified asFrivolous actions Perus electricity poles in capital of Peru city being blown up consecutively for 4 years during the New Years Eve.Indiscriminate Bombings and killings act of disruption and creating atmospheres of fear and insecurity.Hijacking of planes and winning hostage became one of the problems into the international prospect.In order to tackle the situation against the terrorist keeping Public policy in mind, the governments are taking appropriate actions such as killing the terroris ts quickly as the best deterrence available is to kill the terrorist. Gathering information and getting cooperation from national as well as international intelligence organizations. Some of them include Organizations such as Interpol, FBI, Europol, etc. FBI/CIA/Europoleis regarded as world intelligence agency.. Dehumanize, demonize, terrorist. Actions against money laundering, is also regarded as best means to control supply of money, to the terrorist.There is a difference to face and terrorism. The determination part will be in the hand of the political leaders here. In hijacking and hostage operation the decision lies on the political leaders. There will be involvement of several international organizations and concerned states for such problems. It decision depends on several things so government should have a proper agenda to face these type of situations.Complying laws with human rights is also necessary. Or else terrorist will use this to voice their protest more and change the sensitive minds set of youngsters. All the theories meant will give basic guidelines about the system and the problems in the system and it is up to the policy makers to use those theories to enact perfect laws that can curtail the problem.References1. Conflict theory, December 22, 2007.2. David J. Whittaker,( 2004), Terrorists and Terrorism in the Contemporary World. Routledge, New York, Pp 63.3. Khan, A. (1987) A legal theory of international terrorism, Connecticut Law Review. pp 945-972.4. J. Paul De B. Taillon, Hijacking and Hostages Government Responses to Terrorism. Praeger, Westport, CT. Publication Year 2002. Pp 1595. J. Paul De B. Taillon, Hijacking and Hostages Government Responses to Terrorism. Praeger, Westport, CT. Publication Year 2002. Pp 496. Tay Kok Siong, D., Yong Wee, F. and Kien Meng, W (July 2001), Terrorism and Game theory.