Monday, May 20, 2019
Matching Leadership Style to a Situation Essay
MATCHING LEADERSHIP TO A SITUATION draws StylesChoosing the Right Style for the SituationFrom Mahatma Gandhi and Winston Churchill to Martin Luther King and Steve Jobs, there chamberpot seem to be as m any ways to lead batch as there are leading. Fortunately, businesspeople and psychologists father developed effectual, simple ways to describe the main styles of leading. By understanding these styles and their impact, you fire develop your witness approach to leading and become a more effective leader and discipline head as well. Well manifestation at common leading styles in this article, and well explore situations where these styles may be effective with your people.(Note The leadership styles in this article are based on several core leadership frame melts.)Adapting Your Approach to leading lead is non one size run shorts all thing often, you must adapt your style to fit a situation or a specific group. This is why its aimful to gain a thorough understanding of o ther leadership styles after all, the more approaches youre familiar with, the more alsols youll be able to use to lead effectively.Lets take a deeper look at close to of the leadership styles that you preserve use.1. Transactional LeadershipThis leadership style starts with the idea that group members agree to obey their leader when they accept a pipeline. The transaction usually involves the brass instrument paying police squad members in return for their lather and compliance. The leader has a right to punish team members if their work doesnt meet an appropriate standard.Although this major power sound ascendancyling and paternalistic, transactionalleadership offers some benefits. For one, this leadership style clarifies everyones roles and responsibilities. other benefit is that, because transactional leadership judges team members on per stampance, people who are ambitious or who are motivated by external rewards including compensation often thrive.The downside of this leadership style is that team members can do little to better their job satisfaction. It can feel stifling, and it can lead to mettlesome staff turnover.Transactional leadership is really a type of management, not a true leadership style, because the focus is on short-term tasks. It has serious limitations for knowledge-based or creative work. However, it can be effective in other situations. 2. Autocratic LeadershipAutocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactional leadership, where leaders pose complete power over their people. Staff and team members prevail little opportunity to make suggestions, dismantle if these would be in the teams or the organizations best interest. The benefit of autocratic leadership is that its incredibly efficient. Decisions are made quickly, and work gets jadee.The downside is that most people resent being treated this way. Therefore, autocratic leadership often leads to laid-back levels of absenteeism and exalted staff turnover. Ho wever, the style can be effective for some routine and unskilled jobs in these situations, the advantages of delay may outweigh the disadvantages.Autocratic leadership is often best used in crises, when decisions must be made quickly and without dissent. For instance, the military often uses an autocratic leadership style top commanders are answerable for quickly making complex decisions, which allows troops to focus their attention and energy on performing their dish out tasks and missions.3. Bureaucratic LeadershipBureaucratic leaders work by the book. They hap rules rigorously, and ensure that their people follow procedures precisely.This is an appropriate leadership style for work involving serious safety risks (such as working with machinery, with toxic substances, or at dangerous heights) or where large sums of money are compound. Bureaucratic leadership is also useful in organizations where employees do routine tasks (as in manufacturing).The downside of this leadership style is that its ineffective in teams and organizations that cuss on flexibility, creativity, or innovation.Much of the date, bureaucratic leaders come across their position because of their ability to conform to and cover rules, not because of their qualifications or expertness. This can cause resentment when team members wear outt value their expertise or advice.4. Charismatic Leadership/ Pace-setting LeadershipA magnetized leadership style can match transformational leadership because these leaders inspire enthusiasm in their teams and are energetic in motivating others to croak forward. This excitement and commitment from teams is an enormous benefit.The difference between charismatic leaders and transformational leaders lies in their intention. Transformational leaders want to transform their teams and organizations. Charismatic leaders are often focused on themselves, and may not want to change anything.The downside to charismatic leaders is that they can believe more in themselves than in their teams. This can create the risk that a project or even an entire organization might present if the leader leaves. A charismatic leader might believe that she can do no wrong, even when others are warning her about the path shes on this feeling of invincibility can break away a team or an organization. in like manner, in the followers eyes, success is directly connected to the presence of the charismatic leader. As such, charismatic leadership carries great responsibility, and it occupys a long-term commitment from the leader.5. Democratic/Participative LeadershipDemocratic leaders make the final decisions, but they include team members in the decision-making process. They encourage creativity, and team members are often highly engaged in projects and decisions.There are many a(prenominal) benefits of democratic leadership. aggroup members tend to have high job satisfaction and are productive because theyre more involved in decisions. This style also helps develop peoples skills. police squad members feel in control of their destiny, so theyre motivated to work seriously by more than just a financial reward. Because participation takes time, this approach can slow decision-making, but the result is often good. The approach can be most suitable when working as a team is essential, and when quality is more important than efficiency or productivity.The downside of democratic leadership is that it can often hinder situations where speed or efficiency is essential. For instance, during a crisis, a team can waste valuable time gathering peoples input. Another downside is that some team members might not have the knowledge or expertise to get out high quality input.6. Laissez-Faire LeadershipThis French phrase means leave it be, and it describes leaders who allow their people to work on their own. This type of leadership can also occur naturally, when managers dont have sufficient control over their work and their people. Laissez -faire leaders may give their teams complete freedom to do their work and set their own deadlines. They provide team support with resources and advice, if needed, but otherwise dont get involved.This leadership style can be effective if the leader monitors performance and gives feedback to team members regularly. It is most likely to be effective when individual team members are experienced, skilled, self-starters. Themain benefit of laissez faire leadership is that giving team members so much autonomy can lead to high job satisfaction and increased productivity.The downside is that it can be damaging if team members dont manage their time well or if they dont have the knowledge, skills, or motivation to do their work effectively.7. Task-Oriented LeadershipTask-oriented leaders focus only on getting the job done and can be autocratic. They actively define the work and the roles required, put structures in place, and plan, organize, and monitor work. These leaders also perform othe r expose tasks, such as creating and maintaining standards for performance.The benefit of task-oriented leadership is that it ensures that deadlines are met, and its especially useful for team members who dont manage their time well.However, because task-oriented leaders dont tend to think much about their teams well-being, this approach can suffer many of the flaws of autocratic leadership, including causing motivation and holding problems.8. People-Oriented/Relations-Oriented LeadershipWith people-oriented leadership, leaders are totally focused on organizing, supporting, and developing the people on their teams. This is a participatory style and tends to encourage good teamwork and creative collaboration. This is the opposite of task-oriented leadership. People-oriented leaders treat everyone on the team equally. Theyre friendly and approachable, they pay attention to the welfare of everyone in the group, and they make themselves available whenever team members need help or adv ice.The benefit of this leadership style is that people-oriented leaders create teams that everyone wants to be part of. Team members are often more productive and giveing to take risks, because they know that the leader willprovide support if they need it.The downside is that some leaders can take this approach too far they may put the development of their team above tasks or project directives.9. Servant LeadershipThis term, created by Robert Greenleaf in the 1970s, describes a leader often not formally recognized as such. When someone at any level within an organization leads simply by meeting the needs of the team, he or she can be described as a handmaiden leader. Servant leaders often lead by example. They have high integrity and lead with generosity. In many ways, servant leadership is a form of democratic leadership because the whole team tends to be involved in decision making. However, servant leaders often lead from behind, preferring to stay out of the limelight and le tting their team accept recognition for their hard work.Supporters of the servant leadership model suggest that its a good way to move out front in a world where values are increasingly important, and where servant leaders can achieve power because of their values, ideals, and ethics. This is an approach that can help to create a positive corporate culture and can lead to high morale among team members.However, other people believe that in competitive leadership situations, people who practice servant leadership can find themselves left behind by leaders using other leadership styles. This leadership style also takes time to apply correctly its ill-suited in situations where you have to make quick decisions or meet tight deadlines.Although you can use servant leadership in many situations, its often most practical in politics, or in positions where leaders are elected to serve a team, committee, organization, or community.10. Transformational Leadership/Visionary LeadershipTransfor mational leaders are inspiring because they expect the best from everyone on their team as well as themselves. This leads to highproductivity and engagement from everyone in their team.The downside of transformational leadership is that while the leaders enthusiasm is passed onto the team, he or she can need to be supported by detail people.Thats why, in many organizations, both transactional and transformational leadership styles are useful. Transactional leaders (or managers) ensure that routine work is done reliably, while transformational leaders look after initiatives that add new value. Its also important to use other leadership styles when indispensable this will depend on the people youre leading and the situation that youre in.Conclusion triad factors that influence which leadership style to use1.The inculcate heads personal backgroundWhat personality, knowledge, values, ethics, and experiences does the school head have? What does he or she think will work?2.T to each on eers being supervised Teachers with varied personalities and backgrounds The leadership style used will vary depending upon the individual teacher and what he or she will respond best to. 3.The organization The traditions, values, philosophy, school vision and mission, concerns of the organization and all situational factors influence how a school head acts No one style of leadership fits all situations. All situations are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. There are many leadership styles from which to choose. Different styles were needed for different situations and each leader needed to know when to exhibit a particular approach so it helps to have an understanding of other styles.A leader must use his or her judgment to decide the best course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For example you may need to confront a teacher for inappropriate behavior, but the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too weak, then the results may seek ineffective. By learning about the pros and cons of each style, one can adapt an approach to a situation. Also note that the situation normally has a greater effect on a leaders action than his orher traits. This is because while traits may have an impressive stability over a consummation of time, they have little consistency across situations. As a school head he or she must be a Task-oriented Leader to perform best in situations of high and low control, and a Relationship-oriented Leader to perform best in moderate control situations.Behavior is a mirror in whichEveryone shows his image.